5-2-4-Uddin et al


M.K.B. Uddin, S. Naznin*, M.A. Kawochar, R.U. Choudhury and M.A. Awal
*Corresponding Author; E-mail: nazninsau@gmail.com

An experiment was conducted to study the productivity performances of wheat and peanut in intercropping association. In this association, wheat was considered as main crop and peanut as intercrop. The experiment comprised of four treatments namely, sole wheat, sole peanut, single row intercropping (1W:1P i.e., one row of wheat followed by one row of peanut), and double row intercropping (1W:2P i.e., one row of wheat followed by two rows of peanut). The highest grain yield of wheat (3.21 t ha-1) was harvested from sole cropping of wheat which was about 40 and 20% higher than that of single row (1.93 t ha-1) and double row (2.56 t ha-1) intercropping, respectively. Similarly, the highest nut yield of peanut (3.02 t ha-1) was produced by sole peanut which was 35 and 7% higher than those of single row (1.97 t ha-1) and double row (2.82 t ha-1 ) in intercropping, accordingly. On the other hand, the single and double row combination in intercropping systems gave the highest land equivalent ratio (1.45 and 1.53 accordingly) and area time equivalent ratio (1.21 and 1.36, respectively). In both the single and double row intercropping systems, wheat exhibited higher competitive ratio (1.22 and 1.29). Concerning all the characters studied and economical factors analyzed, it was revealed that the wheat and peanut crops were compatible in their intercropping association, where double row intercropping system was superior to their sole stands or single row intercropping system.

Key words: Productivity, Iintercropping, Wheat and Peanut.

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